Pool safety is crucial for ensuring you and your family stay safe while enjoying your pool. We all know the importance of CPR, that it can mean the difference between the life and death of a loved one. But how many of us know how to perform it? And if we do, when was the last time we brushed up on that knowledge? It’s important for us to revisit this information every now and then as we can just never know when it will be needed. Let’s go over the basics so we can refresh our memory and keep our family safe:




D – Danger. Check for danger, make sure the area is safe for yourself and others.

R – Response. Check for a response, is the person conscious? Ask their name and squeeze their shoulder.

S – Send for help. If there is no response, call triple 000 or ask someone else to call, but don’t leave the patient.


A – Airway. Open the patient’s mouth and check if it is clear, also check if the throat is clear. Remove any blockages from their nose or mouth such as blood, vomit, food or loose teeth. After the airway is clear, gently tilt their head back and lift their chin up.

B – Breathing. Check if the patient’s breathing is not normal, or not breathing at all. If they are breathing normally, place them into the recovery position (on their side, airways open) and do not leave them.

C – CPR. If they are not breathing normally, commence CPR. Chest compressions are the most important part of CPR, start these as soon as possible after you have called for help.

D – Defibrillation. If an Automated External Defibrillation machine is available, attach this to the patient. Do not go and get it yourself if that means you have to leave the patient alone.


Carry out chest compressions:

  • Place the patient on their back and kneel beside them.
  • Place the heel of your hand on the lower half of the breastbone, in the centre of the person’s chest. Place your other hand on top of the first hand and interlock your fingers.
  • Position yourself above the patient’s chest.
  • Using your body weight (not just your arms) and keeping your arms straight, press straight down on their chest by one third of the chest depth.
  • Release the pressure. Pressing down and releasing is 1 compression.


Give mouth-to-mouth:

  • Open the person’s airway by placing one hand on the forehead or top of the head and your other hand under the chin to tilt the head back.
  • Pinch the soft part of the nose closed with your index finger and thumb.
  • Open the person’s mouth with your thumb and fingers.
  • Take a breath and place your lips over the patient’s mouth, ensuring a good seal.
  • Blow steadily into their mouth for about 1 second, watching for the chest to rise.
  • Following the breath, look at the patient’s chest and watch for the chest to fall. Listen and feel for signs that air is being expelled. Maintain the head tilt and chin lift position.
  • If their chest does not rise, check the mouth again and remove any obstructions. Make sure the head is tilted and chin lifted to open the airway. Check that yours and the patient’s mouth are sealed together and the nose is closed so that air cannot easily escape. Take another breath and repeat.


Give 30 compressions followed by 2 breaths, known as “30:2”. Aim for 5 sets of 30:2 in about 2 minutes (if only doing compressions about 100 – 120 compressions per minute).



Keep going with 30 compressions then 2 breaths until:


  • the person recovers — they start moving, breathing normally, coughing or talking — then put them in the recovery position; or
  • it is impossible for you to continue because you are exhausted; or
  • the ambulance arrives


Doing CPR is very tiring so if possible, with minimal interruption, swap between doing mouth-to-mouth and compressions so you can keep going with effective compressions.


If you can’t give breaths, doing compressions only without stopping may still save a life.


For more information including a video of how to perform CPR visit: https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/how-to-perform-cpr


If you need an up to date CPR Chart to attach to your pool fence, ask your friendly Jim’s Pool Care technician for help. Call us on 131 546